STAR-ProBio public deliverables:
- Deliverable D1.2: Mapping of relevant value chains and stakeholders
Summary. This report details the methodology employed in order to identify, select and map exemplary bio-based value chains for further analysis within the STAR-ProBio project. In order to determine their strengths, weaknesses, costs and benefits, a long-list of bio-based value chains was subjected to a systematic review of their promise with regards to a two-tiered set of criteria. Tier 1 covered analysis of feedstock variability, multi-regional supply chain, a variety of end-of-life options, gaps in sustainability schemes, EU preference feedstock, multi-sector application and potential for growth, and Tier 2 examined their relevance to target feedstock and technology preferences of EU-based bio-economy initiatives and other relevant sustainability schemes. The final resulting 4 bio-based values chains were mapped fully at each supply chain stage for visualisation of system dynamics, interconnections, chain actors, employed conversion routes, and existing/potential end-of-life options. These maps are made available in the report.
- Deliverable D2.1: Report summarizing the findings of the literature review on environmental indicators related to bio-based products
Summary. This report reviews 83 scientific articles assessing bio-based products of relevance in the framework of the STAR-ProBio project (i.e. excluding biofuel, feed and food). The review presents in quantitative terms the environmental indicators used by this sample of literature, grouped by “clusters”, which are groups of similar indicators. These clusters are largely in line with those recommended by the key literature sources, such as the PEFCR guidance or the EN16751 norm. However, although the indicators belonging to ‘Water availability’, ‘Land use’ and ‘Ecosystem quality’ clusters are considered highly relevant by the key literature, they are not used in the reviewed scientific articles as frequently as they should. Additionally, the impacts of wastes are not particularly addressed neither by the reviewed articles nor by the key literature sources, mostly because of the lack of methodology for the assessment of the risk that the presence of plastic in the environment represents.
- Deliverable D2.2: Selection of environmental indicators and impact categories for the life cycle assessment of bio-based products
Summary. This report describes an environmental life cycle assessment (E-LCA) methodology developed by STAR-ProBio for biobased products that is based on selected relevant life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) methodologies and their respective environmental indicators. The chosen hierarchical assessment criteria for selection of the methodologies were defined as 1) ability be used for comparing bio-based materials amongst themselves and for comparing bio-based materials against conventional petrochemical products, 2) Scientific relevance, 3) Political and social priority, 4) Reliability and robustness, 5) Representativeness and 6) Stakeholder and market perception. A final set of 11 indicators and associated models are recommended to be used for the environmental assessment of bio-based materials and be tested through the STAR-ProBio case studies.
- Deliverable D5.1: Acceptance factors among consumers and businesses for bio-based sustainability schemes
Summary. The emergence of the bioeconomy is an important result of the need for a more sustainable economy for the 21st century. However, achieving the paradigm shift from the established fossil-based economy toward a bio-based economy is an ambitious goal. To accelerate the shift, consumers need to understand how and where scientifically proven “sustainability” outputs are available. This will allow sustainability to become a successful market driver. The present study focuses on the market assessment of bio-based products, to gain insight into which sustainability aspects are important to stakeholders. It summarizes the results of different foresight methods, including a two-round Delphi survey, to identify sustainably assessment preferences of end-consumers and professionals and their influence on buying decisions. The results show that both private individuals and professionals consider a broad spectrum of criteria important for sustainability. Being able to prove and communicate that sustainability criteria are met will be a key acceptance driver for bio-based products.
- Deliverable D6.3: Criteria and indicators developed for conducting S-LCA social impact assessment
Summary. The objective of Deliverable 6.3 is to summarise the work performed in Task 6.3 regarding the selection of the most important impact subcategories for the social analysis of these products and the development of a specific methodology to measure them. In order to select the relevant impact subcategories to be included in the analysis, an extensive literature review was conducted (as part of Task 6.1), different workshops were organized (as part of Task 6.2) and questionnaires were distributed to stakeholders. Considering the final list of subcategories, a simple, flexible and practical methodology was developed and adapted to analyse the social performance of bio-products. As reflected in this report, the methodology considers the five categories of stakeholders: workers, consumers, local community, general society and value chain actors and uses quantitative, semi-quantitative and qualitative indicators. Finally, it provides a final score that embodies the overall social performance of the production of a specific bio-product.
- Deliverable 6.4: Report on end-of-life social and socio-economic assessment
Summary. End of Life (EoL) management represents a great challenge to develop new opportunities towards sustainability. Indeed, international institutions, organizations, academics, researchers and practitioners highlighted the importance of EoL management, since it is associated with relevant environmental, social and economic impacts. Yet, the appraisal of EoL alternatives represents a particularly complex task to address due to the difficulties arising from the assessment of social and economic key-criteria. In this regard, several gaps related to bio-based products have been stressed by the literature, especially with reference to socio-economic indicators. This report focuses on the existing EoL options with the aim of identifying key community priorities for sustainable EoL management of bio-based products. This is achieved by developing a win-win asset-based model that has been tested on a selected case study, i.e. Poly Lactic Acid (PLA)-based packaging film. The results show that recycling (both mechanical and chemical) is the best EoL option for the considered product.
- Deliverable D7.1: Examination of existing iLUC approaches and their application to bio-based materials
Summary. The STAR-ProBio project aims to identify and mitigate the risks of negative Land Use Change (LUC) effects associated with the production routes of biobased products. This report details the initial steps in this process which were firstly to assess the status quo and key findings of existing approaches to quantify GHG emissions due to dLUC (direct Land Use Change) and iLUC (indirect Land Use Change) in order to identify, categorise and structure the key drivers and parameters for future strategies to reduce iLUC risks in a developing bioeconomy. The capacity of existing models to cover bio-based materials was then assessed, and links between the key drivers for iLUC and standardisation work related to the sustainability of biofuels and biomaterials were also identified. The outcome of this research has been used to identify specific risk factors that control land expansion (intensive margin, land suitability, co-products, demand elasticity, export – trade elasticity, trade share, supply elasticity) and establish the initial outline of a conceptual model to account for iLUC using a risk-based approach that will be developed further within the STAR-ProBio project.
- Deliverable D9.1: Comprehensive overview of existing regulatory and voluntary frameworks on sustainability assessment
Summary. This report aims to show potential policy gaps with regard to the establishment of a sustainable bio-economy and to develop recommendations to bridge these gaps based on STAR ProBio results. Therefore policies, strategies and legislative documents from EU member states and the European Union, potentially affecting or promoting sustainability assessment and certification were investigated. Furthermore, results of ongoing and finalized projects within the research area were incorporated in this task and a mapping of the SDGs with the results of the analysis of policy documents was conducted in order to assess links between the SDGs and sustainability requirements given in the policy documents of the analysed sample. The investigation showed that, currently, no coherent and comprehensive framework exists for the EU bio-economy. Instead, many different types of policies with different scope and degree of detail are available. There is a lack of measurable targets within the policies. Certification was found to be an accepted instrument for the assessment of sustainability. The focus of requirements included in the policy framework is on environmental sustainability, while economic and social aspects are less represented.
- Deliverable D9.2: Recommendations for standards and criteria for eco-labels for bio-based products
Summary. The European Bioeconomy Strategy aims at achieving an innovative, resilient and low carbon economy that replaces fossil raw materials with biological ones, promoting resource efficiency and contributing to a more sustainable economy. Bio-based industries are aware of the need to create trust in bio-based products by implementing suitable measures to support their market uptake and by providing consumers with appropriate information on their characteristics. Eco-labels offer great opportunities to provide such consumer information, and in this report, a list of key eco-label criteria and standardisation options for selected case studies have been considered and analysed. Based on four case studies, the report provides a number of recommendations, which also address broader public policy and existing regulations and mechanisms. They also highlight the need to update other independent mechanisms and labels.
- Deliverable D10.1: Launch and management of dedicated website and social media
Summary. This report outlines activities undertaken to effectively share information and make available future project outputs such as sustainability assessment tools, examples and case studies which will be developed throughout the lifetime of the project.
- Deliverable D10.2: Data Management Plan (updated version)
Summary. Projects participating in the Horizon 2020 Open Research Data Pilot are required to deliver and regularly update a Data Management Plan (DMP), with the aim of improving and maximising access to and re-use of research data generated by Horizon 2020 projects. This document fulfils this requirement and aims to provide the STAR-ProBio consortium members with a harmonised approach and guidance to data management. The DMP is intended to be a living document in which information can be made available on a finer level of granularity through updates as the implementation of the project progresses and when significant changes occur. The Annex to the document provides details of the 26 identified datasets that have or will be generated throughout the project duration.
- Deliverable D10.3: First year report on communication, dissemination and publication activities + Appendix
Summary. Communication, dissemination and publication activities play a vital role within STAR-ProBio. This report lists the activities carried out within all STAR-ProBio Work Packages during the period May 2017 – April 2018. These activities include framework activities for the whole project such as the establishment of a brand identity and ICT channels, and the elaboration of a Data Management Plan, as well as specific communication and dissemination activities such as interviews, surveys, workshops, webinars, meetings, scientific and general publications, etc. The report describes for all these activities the target groups reached and messages delivered. An indicative list of expected communication, dissemination and publication activities for the second year of the project (May 2018 – April 2019) is also included in the report. The Annex includes the detailed proformas for all individual activities.
- Deliverable D10.4: Second year report on communication, dissemination and publication activities
Summary. Communication, dissemination and publication activities are key elements within STAR-ProBio. A special effort has been made during the second year of the project to ensure these activities are properly developed, implemented and managed. These activities follow the guidelines established in the Communication and Dissemination Strategy developed in the starting phase of the project within Work Package 10 (WP10) “Knowledge transfer, training and dissemination”.