Interesting initiative of the Biobridges project

The Biobridges project developed a consumer survey aimed at assessing consumer knowledge of bio-based products. With the results obtained, the project will design a set of recommendations, to be sent to all interested actors, on how to improve and increase consumer awareness. You can find the survey (in different languages) at the following link:



New STAR-ProBio publication “Metrics for quantifying the circularity of bioplastics: The case of bio-based and biodegradable mulch films”

Francesco Razza, Cristiana Briani, Tony BretonDiego Marazza


The concept of circularity and its quantification through the Material Circularity Indicator (MCI) is well established for traditional plastic products. In this paper a methodological approach for calculating the circularity of bio-based and biodegradable (BB) products is proposed and applied to BB mulch films. BB products are different from traditional products in as much as they are sourced and regenerated (recycled) not through technical cycles but the biological loop. The suggested method is an adaptation of the MCI where two major changes were made: (i) the mass of the bio-based component corresponds to the recycled material in input and (ii) the mass of the bio-based component leaving the system through composting or biodegradation in soil is accounted as recycled. The modified MCI supports the eco-design of innovative BB products and allows for the comparison of their circularity taking into account the biological source and the expected end of life process such as biodegradation. To demonstrate the adaptation, the method has been applied to BB mulch films. Results showed that the MCI of a biodegradable mulch film, characterized by an average bio-based feedstock content of 30% is 0.37 ± 0.04 in a 0–1 scale. For BB mulch film, the amount of bio-based feedstock is the most sensitive factor and controls linearly the value of the MCI.

Click here to read the full article.

New STAR-ProBio book “Transition Towards a Sustainable Biobased Economy” (RSC Publishing)

James Clark and Piergiuseppe Morone


About this book

Globally we are being confronted by the depletion of many natural resources as a result of unsustainable use and increasing global population. Although the debate on the bioeconomy has gained momentum in recent decades, the interest in certifications and standards for biobased products is still weak. This book aims to fill this gap by promoting a holistic approach, which covers environmental, social and economic sustainability aspects and pushes forward the development of a circular, biobased economy.

This book promotes the development of sustainability schemes (including standards, labels and certifications) for the assessment of biobased products, which are fundamental to the establishment of a cutting-edge sustainable bioeconomy. Chemical-related, globally relevant case studies are used throughout the book. The content covers a range of issues from upstream and downstream environmental, techno-economic and social assessment, to crosscutting issues such as indirect land use change (iLUC) and end-of-life options. The chapters included in this book will provide a comprehensive review of recent works on life cycle assessment (LCA), life cycle costing (LCC) and social life cycle assessment (s-LCA) methodologies.

An important resource for researchers, industrial professionals and policy makers involved in the bioeconomy.

Click here to read more.

The STAR-ProBio Final Workshop turns virtual

The STAR-ProBio project invites to its Final (virtual) Workshop “Assessing Sustainability of Bio-based Products: Where do we stand?”.
The workshop will take place on April 28th 2020 from 10:00 to 12:30 (Central European Time).
Registration is free, but subject to maximum availability of the conference platform. Please send an email to indicating your name and affiliation.
Click here to download the agenda of the event.

ICT-BIOCHAIN & STAR-ProBio webinar – April 2nd (at 11:00 CET)

STAR-ProBio is co-organizing a joint webinar with the BBI JU project ICT-BIOCHAIN, a CSA aiming at promoting ICT, IoT and Industry 4.0 tools to enhance the efficiency of the biomass supply chain.
Luana Ladu (TUB) and Francesco Razza (Novamont) will attend the webinar and present the Integrated Assessment Tool (IAT), one of the STAR-ProBio final outputs.

New STAR-ProBio open access publication from TUB in “Sustainability” (Special Issue “Sustainability and Standardization”)

Bio-Based Products in the Automotive Industry: The Need for Ecolabels, Standards, and Regulations

Simone Wurster, Luana Ladu


At the Hanover Fair in April 2018, the Bioconcept-Car was presented as a model for the future of sustainable mobility. Likewise, a car made of cellulose nanofiber was presented at the Tokyo Motor Show in 2019. Various additional automotive applications for bio-based materials have been developed, some of which are already in use in cars. However, supportive measures for stimulating their market acceptance are needed. Based on a mix of research methods, this article describes how ecolabels, sustainability standards, and regulations might support the market uptake of bio-based car components. In addition, comparison with three other types of bio-based products are provided. The article ends with suggestions for future market development activities.

Click here to read the full article.

New STAR-ProBio open access publication “Effect of Bio-Based Products on Waste Management”

Irena Wojnowska-Baryła, Dorota Kulikowska, Katarzyna Bernat


This article focuses on the end-of-life management of bio-based products by recycling, which reduces landfilling. Bio-plastics are very important materials, due to their widespread use in various fields. The advantage of these products is that they primarily use renewable materials. At its end-of-life, a bio-based product is disposed of and becomes post-consumer waste. Correctly designing waste management systems for bio-based products is important for both the environment and utilization of these wastes as resources in a circular economy. Bioplastics are suitable for reuse, mechanical recycling, organic recycling, and energy recovery. The volume of bio-based waste produced today can be recycled alongside conventional wastes. Furthermore, using biodegradable and compostable bio-based products strengthens industrial composting (organic recycling) as a waste management option. If bio-based products can no longer be reused or recycled, it is possible to use them to produce bio-energy. For future effective management of bio-based waste, it should be determined how these products are currently being managed. Methods for valorizing bio-based products should be developed. Technologies could be introduced in conjunction with existing composting and anaerobic digestion infrastructure as parts of biorefineries. One option worth considering would be separating bio-based products from plastic waste, to maintain the effectiveness of chemical recycling of plastic waste. Composting bio-based products with biowaste is another option for organic recycling. For this option to be viable, the conditions which allow safe compost to be produced need to be determined and compost should lose its waste status in order to promote bio-based organic recycling.

Click here to read the full article.